“Washington’s logic of force has failed in the Middle East and elsewhere. All three major American wars of the last half a century — in Korea, Vietnam and the Gulf — ended in stalemate or defeat. Yet Bush administration officials reckon more, not less, force is needed in order to achieve America’s goals. Contrary to international law, they are advancing a new doctrine of preemption that gives Washington the right to intervene anywhere it deems necessary.
By definition, however, unilateral actions are motivated by unilateral thinking and interests, and therefore do not produce universal solutions.”